How Are We Saved?

All Christian traditions agree: God created us in God's own image and likeness for an unending life luminous with the presence of God. But sin entered the world through Adam and Eve, effacing and corrupting that image of God within us, severing our inheritance of unending life with God. For us — and to save us — the Son or logos of the one triune God became incarnate as Jesus Christ, lived among us, suffered death by crucifixion, and rose from the dead.

But the various Christian traditions — Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, Baptist, Methodist — differ when they describe how God saves us, differences in language, in emphasis, and sometimes in substance, and these differences can lead to profoundly different Christian spiritualities, in how we view ourselves, and how we live our life in this world.

In this series, we dissect, critique, and honor these differences, asking and wrestling with that most important of questions, "How are we saved?" Presentations were by David Monyak.

Downloads: Presentations

1. Saved ... From What? Saved ... For What?

2. Grace vs. Free Will. What is Faith?

3. Justification and Sanctification

4. Theories of At-One-ment.

5. Eternity Security, Blessed Assurance (or Not)

6. Purgatory. Do We Need "Elevating" Grace? The Origin of Our Souls and Original Sin. The Energies of God

7. Salvation: East and West


Cross-denominational / General

The Atoning Death of Christ. Ronald S. Wallace. Wipf and Stock, 1997.

Calvin vs Wesley. Bringing Belief in Line Practice. Don Thorsen. Abingdon Press, 2013.

Christian Spirituality. Five Views of Sanctification. Donald L. Alexander (Ed.). IVP Academic, 1988.

Christian View of Man, The. H. D. McDonald, Crossway Books, 1981.

Four Views on Eternal Security (Counterpoints Bible and Theology series). J. Matthew Pinson (Ed); Michael Horton, Norman L. Geisler, et al. Zondervan, 2002.

Five Views on Sanctification (Counterpoints Bible and Theology series). Melvin E Dieter, Anthony A. Hoekema, et al. Zondervan, 1996.

Iustitia Dei: A History of the Christian Doctrine of Justification. Third Edition, Alister E. McGrath, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification. The Lutheran World Federation and The Roman Catholic Church. Eerdmans Publishing, 2000.

Justification and Sanctification. Peter Toon. Crossway Books, 1983.

Justification. God's Plan and Paul's Vision. N. T. Wright, IVP Academic, 2009.

Justification. Five Views. James K Beilby, Paul Rhodes Eddy (eds), IVP Academic, 2011.

The Mosaic of Christian Belief: Twenty Centuries of Unity and Diversity. Roger E. Olson. Intervarsity Press, 2002.

Predestination and Free Will. Four Views of Divine Sovereignty and Human Freedom. David Basinger and Randall Basinger (Eds.). InterVarsity Press, 1986

Reformation Thought. Fourth Edition. Alister E. McGrath. Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

Understanding Four Views on Baptism. John H Armstrong (Ed.). Zondervan, 2009.


Calvinism: A Southern Baptist Dialogue. E. Ray Clendenen and Brad J. Waggoner (Eds.). B & H Publishing Group, 2008.

Christian Theology. Second Edition. Millard J. Erickson. Baker Books, 1998.

Eastern Orthodox:

The Faith Series:

The Faith Understanding Orthodox Christianity. An Orthodox Catechism. Clark Carlton. Regina Orthodox Press, 1997.

The Way. What Every Protestant Should Know about the Orthodox Church. Clark Carlton. Regina Orthodox Press, 1997.

The Truth. What Every Roman Catholic Should Know about the Orthodox Church. Clark Carlton. Regina Orthodox Press, 1999.

The Life. The Orthodox Doctrine of Salvation. Clark Carlton. Regina Orthodox Press, 2000.


How Are We Saved? The Understanding of Salvation in the Orthodox Tradition. Bishop Kallistos Ware, Light and Life Publishing, 1996

Introducing Eastern Orthodox Theology. Andrew Louth. IVP Academic, 2013.

The Orthodox Church. An Introduction to its History, Doctrine, and Spiritual Cultures. John Anthony McGuckin. Wiley-Blackwell, 2011

Orthodox Theology. Volume II: Doctrine and Teaching of the Orthodox Church. Hilarion Alfeyev. St. Vladimir's Seminary Press, 2012


Living Grace. An Outline of United Methodist Theology. Walter Klaiber and Manfred Marquardt. Abingdon Press, 2001

Methodist Doctrine. The Essentials. Ted A Campbell. Abingdon Press, 1999.

United Methodist Beliefs. A Brief Introduction. William H. Willimon. Westminster John Knox, 2007.

United Methodist Doctrine. The Extreme Center. Scott J Jones. Abingdon Press, 2002.


Lutheran Questions. Lutheran Answers. Exploring the Christian Faith. Martin E. Marty. Augsburg Books, 2007.

Principles of Lutheran Theology. Second Edition. Carl E. Braaten. Fortress Press, 2007.

The Theology of Martin Luther. Paul Althaus. Fortress Press, 1966.


Against Calvinism. Roger E. Olson. Zondervan, 2011.

Arminian Theology. Myths and Realities. Roger E. Olson. IVP Academic, 2006

For Calvinism. Michael Horton. Zondervan, 2011.

The Christian Faith. A Systematic Theology for Pigrims on the Way. Michael Horton. Zondervan, 2011

Systematic Theology. An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine. Wayne Grudem. InterVarsity Press, 1994.

Roman Catholic:

Catechism of the Catholic Church. Second Edition. United States Catholic Conference - Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1997.

Catholicism. Richard P. McBrien. HarperOne, 1994.

The Faith Understood. An Introduction to Catholic Theology. Mark J. Zia, S.T.D. Emmaus Road Publishing, 2013.

History and Theology of Grace. The Catholic Teaching on Divine Grace. John A. Hardon, S.J. Sapientia Press, 2002.

Introduction to Catholicism for Adults. Rev. James Socias. Midwest Theological Forum, 2012

The Meaning of Grace. Charles Journet. Scepter, 1960.